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What is HTML ? How to Use HTML ? How to Learn HTML

HTML Introduction

HTML is the standard markup language for creating Web pages.

 What is HTML ?

  • HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language
  • HTML is the standard markup language for creating Web pages
  • HTML describes the structure of a Web page
  • HTML consists of a series of elements
  • HTML elements tell the browser how to display the content
  • HTML elements label pieces of content such as "this is a heading", "this is a paragraph", "this is a link", etc.


< !DOCTYPE html >
< html >
< head >
< title > Page Title < /title >
< /head >
< body >

< h1 > My First Heading < /h1 >
< p > My first paragraph. &lt /p >

< /body >
< /html >

Example Explained

  • The <!DOCTYPE html> declaration defines that this document is an HTML5 document
  • The <html> element is the root element of an HTML page
  • The <head> element contains meta information about the HTML page
  • The <title> element specifies a title for the HTML page (which is shown in the browser's title bar or in the page's tab)
  • The <body> element defines the document's body, and is a container for all the visible contents, such as headings, paragraphs, images, hyperlinks, tables, lists, etc.
  • The <h1> element defines a large heading
  • The <p> element defines a paragraph

What is an HTML Element ?

An HTML element is defined by a start tag, some content, and an end tag:

< tagname > Content goes here... < /tagname >

The HTML  element  is everything from the start tag to the end tag:

< h1 > My First Heading < /h1 >
< p > My first paragraph. < /p >
1. What is HTML ?

HTML is the abbreviation for Hypertext Markup Language. It is the typical documents’ markup language for developing web pages to display on the web browser. The extensions used to save HTML pages are .html and .htm.

2. What is a Tag in HTML ?

In an HTML page, tags used are to place the content and format the pages. They always defined between (<) and (>) symbols. For example,&lt h1 &gt text &lt/h1&gt.

An opening tag must be preceded with a closing tag and indicated with a ‘/’ symbol.

A tag instructs the browser to format the HTML. Tags have many uses, such as changing the appearance of text, displaying a graphic, or linking another page.

3. What is the key difference between HTML Elements and Tags ?

This is one of the most asked HTML interview questions.

HTML Elements

The sections of the web page, such as a paragraph, an image, or a link is an element, and an element has a certain way of execution. For example, the link is used to be clicked, and the text boxes can be used to input text.


HTML elements communicate with the browser how to represent the text and become HTML tags when enclosed within angular brackets <>.

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